World accommodating definition
Johnstone provides the following eight characteristics of denominations: Sociologically, a "sect" is defined as a newly formed religious group that formed to protest elements of its parent religion (generally a denomination).
Their motivation tends to be situated in accusations of apostasy or heresy in the parent denomination; they often decry liberal trends in denominational development and advocate a return to so-called "true" religion.
The adoption of denomination-like characteristics can either turn the sect into a full-blown denomination or, if a conscious effort is made to maintain some of the spontaneity and protest components of sects, an institutionalized sect can result.
Institutionalized sects are halfway between sects and denominations on the continuum of religious development.
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Various sociological classifications of religious movements have been proposed by scholars.
Sociologists, when speaking technically, will not use these labels interchangeably as they are designations for religions with very specific characteristics.
These differing religions are often classified by sociologists as ideal types. Because there is significant variation in each religion, how closely an individual religion actually holds as their ideal type categorisation will vary.
If the membership increases, the sect is forced to adopt the characteristics of denominations in order to maintain order (e.g., bureaucracy, explicit doctrine, etc.).
THE AMERICAN HERITAGE® DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, FIFTH EDITION by the Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries.
Copyright © 2016, 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
They have a mixture of sect-like and denomination-like characteristics. existing today originated as sects breaking away from denominations (or Churches, in the case of Lutheranism and Anglicanism).
Examples include: Hutterites, Iglesia ni Cristo, and the Amish. Examples include: Methodists, Baptists, and Seventh-day Adventists.
The denomination lies between the church and the sect on the continuum.